The Feudalistic society for the last several thousand years and the semi-colonial and semi-feudal society for the last several hundred years witness the miserable life of Chinese women being oppressed, humiliated and devastated for a long period of time.   


The founding of the new China marks the historical emancipation of Chinese women. Ever since China’s reform and opening-up policy, Chinese women have played a more positively role in China’s social construction and development as masters of the nation. They have become the new force in China’s reform and opening as well as its modernization construction. Being also a great force to foster material and spiritual civilization, they have made significant contributions to industrial and agricultural production, science, culture, education and health etc.     


During the Twelfth Five Years Plan, the Chinese government will strongly push to enact and implement the programs of action for the development of Women and Children, to protect the rights and interests of women and children in accordance to laws and regulations, to make benefiting the livelihood and development of women and children our work focus, and to actively resolve any realistic issues that are most directly concerning the interests of women and children and any issues that they care most.       


In the 21st century, Chinese women are becoming an important and integral part of international women in the world’s economy and social development and are playing a more and more important role in the international social progress.  




Situation of Chinese Women before New China (Before 1949)  


Before the New China, most Chinese women were oppressed at the lowest bottom of the society. They have no political rights, economically dependent on men. They did not have footing in the society and did not have freedom of choice in their own marriages. Under the cruel oppression and exploitation of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism, China was plunged to the edge of national subjugation and genocide. Chinese women were also plunged to the unprecedented sufferings. During this prolonged historical course, there were nevertheless some women stood out to make contributions to the women emancipation. However they failed to resist the historical trend and failed to change the miserable fate for Chinese women.  

在旧中国,占农村人口70%的贫雇农只占有10%的土地,而妇女则根本没有土地所有权。婚姻和家庭方面, 95%以上都是包办买卖婚姻。

In the old China, 70% peasants in the country only had 10% ownership of land, while women had no land ownership at all. In their marriage and family matters, 95% of the women ended up in arranged marriages or mercenary marriage.    点击下载更多照片 DOWNLOAD MORE PHOTOS (BEFORE 1949




Situation of Chinese Women after the Establishment of New China(1949-1978)  


Since the first half of last century, in order to gain national and personal emancipation, lot of women fought heroically and unbendingly for several decades until the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. By then Chinese women, being one quarter of all the women in the world, finally obtained the historical emancipation which attracted the world’s attention. The New China declared that all Chinese women have equal rights and footing with all men in terms of political, economic, cultural and social status as well as in family life. They also became masters of the country and the society like all Chinese citizens.       


Since the establishment of New China from 1949 to 1958, 16 million women transformed from illiteracy to literacy. Before New China, illiteracy rate for Chinese women was as high as 90%. At the same time, the working style of Chinese women also changed. In 1957, 70% women national wide in the country participated agricultural production, and there were 3.286 million working women in cities. Compared with 1949, rate of working women increased 4.5 times. In national affairs and social management, women gradually played more and more important roles. In the first plenary session of the Chinese People Political Consultative Conference,10.4% of the national representatives were women and there were 69 women participated this conference session.点击下载更多照片 DOWNLOAD MORE PHOTOS (1949-1978)



3.改革开放后的中国妇女状况 (1978—今) 

The Situation of Chinese Women Since Reform and Opening-up(1978 – present) 

改革开放以来,中国妇女在“平等、发展、和平”的方向上取得了历史性的伟大进步。在推动社会发展的同时,中国妇女的精神面貌发生了重大变化,她们自尊、自信、自立、自强,在参政能力、文化水平、科学知识、生产技能等各方面都有了长足的进步。这是世界妇女事业进步的重要组成部分,也是中国人权进步的重要组成部分。 今天,中国妇女已享有中国社会几千年来从未达到、许多发达国家历时数百年方才得到承认的平等权利。

Since the policy of reform and opening up in 1978, Chinese women made historically great progresses in terms of equality, development and peace. While promoting social development, Chinese women made great changes in their mental status. They have shown their self-esteem, confidence, independence and strong ability. They made great progresses in their ability of participating in politics, education level, scientific knowledge and production techniques. This is the integral part of the progress in women’s achievements in the whole world, as well as an integral part of the progress in Chinese human right. Today, Chinese women enjoy the recognized equal rights which China could never achieve in the last thousands of years. Such recognized equal rights may take many developed countries several hundred years to achieve it.


In participating in the national affairs and social management, 22% of the representatives in National People’s Congress were women. Compared with the American National Constitution and Laws, there are only 17% of American women. Currently, in the leadership of provincial, municipal and local governments, allocation of women leadership increased to 87.1%, 89.4% and 86.2 respectively in 2010 from 64.5%, 65.1% and 59.8% in 2000.  Chinese women have made significant progress in political participation. In the recruitment for national public services in 2011, 42% were women. In education, personnel number for women has greatly increased since 2010. Up to 49% of university undergraduates are girls. Women’s financial status has also gradually increased. It is reported 47% Beijing women have bought houses for themselves. 点击下载更多照片 DOWNLOAD MORE PHOTOS(1978-PRESENT)